What Are The Main Causes Of Bleeding Gums?

causes of bleeding gumsBleeding gums are a common dental problem. Even though this problem is extremely common, it is still a cause for concern. If you have noticed that your gums bleed frequently, then it is time to consult with a dentist. There are a number of things that can cause your gums to bleed. Below are some of the main causes of bleeding gums:

Gum Disease

Gum Disease is very prevalent. In fact, it is estimated that nearly 80 percent of adults will develop gum disease at some point in their lives. Bleeding gums is not the only symptom of gum disease. A receding gum line, loose teeth and deep pockets around the gums and teeth are some of the other symptoms of gum disease.

Gingivitis is the less serious form of gum disease, which is the type that most people have. However, it is estimated that anywhere from five to 15 percent of the population has periodontitis. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss if it is left untreated.

Furthermore, periodontitis does not only have a negative impact on a person’s oral health, but it also has a negative impact on his or her overall health. Studies have shown that people who have gum disease are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Pregnant women with gum disease are more likely to have complications.  The good news is that this disease can successfully be treated if it is detected early.

Improper Brushing or Flossing

In some cases, bleeding gums are a sign that a person is not brushing or flossing correctly. Some people brush their teeth too hard, and that can irritate the gums. People need to be very gentle when they are brushing and flossing. It is important to note that improper brushing and flossing is just as bad as not brushing or flossing at all.


Pregnant women may experience bleeding gums. This occurs as the result of the hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy.   Pregnant women are also at an increased risk for developing cavities, which is why it is very important for women to see a dentist at least twice during their pregnancy.


Again, diabetes is strongly correlated with poor oral health.  Chronic periods of high blood sugar can lead to gum bleeding and infection. This can cause gum disease. Diabetics need to make sure that they follow all of their physician’s recommendations for keeping their blood sugar under control.

Medication Use

There are a number of medications that can cause the gums to bleed. Blood thinners are one type of medication that can weaken the gum tissue and cause bleeding.

Cigarette Use

Smoking can cause the gums to bleed. That is one of the many reasons people should consider quitting.

What Are The Main Causes Of Plaque?

Tooth PlaquePlaque is mixture of bacteria and the chemicals that they produce. These chemicals are known by the name of mucopolysaccharides and they produce an adhesive film called a biofilm that enables bacteria to attach themselves to your teeth. When plaque first develops, this biofilm is fragile and easy to remove. However, if you aren’t successful at removing this biofilm, the bacteria inside of it are able to damage your tooth enamel. Over time, this biofilm becomes hard and creates tartar, which can’t be brushed off. When tartar develops above your gum line, it can cause gum disease.

Keeping your teeth free from plaque isn’t difficult when you learn more about the causes of plaque and brush your teeth twice daily, every day using a toothpaste containing fluoride. The exact technique that you use isn’t as important as ensuring that you brush all of the surfaces of your teeth. However, if you’re concerned that your brushing technique isn’t up to scratch, we will be happy to educate you on such matters.

Brushing your teeth shouldn’t be your only defense against plaque. Brushing often fails to clean out the small spaces between your teeth. However, plaque loves to make itself at home here. Daily flossing will aid you in clearing plaque from in between your teeth. It also removes plaque at the level of your gum line – another area brushing fails to reach. Mouth rinses containing antibacterial agents are also able to reduce plaque and prevent you from suffering from bad breath. If you don’t already use a mouth rinse, consider doing so.

Even when you brush and floss daily, you won’t be able to remove all of the plaque on and around your teeth. Plaque that’s hardened into tartar can’t be removed in the home — it can only be removed by your dentist. If you miss your dental appointments, you’ll be at a greater risk of developing cavities and at worst, losing your teeth altogether. Once yearly teeth cleanings are essential in the fight against plaque. However, if you’re more prone to plaque than most, twice yearly cleanings may be advisable.

Eating healthily can also help to scrub plaque off your teeth. Crunchy vegetables, such as carrots and celery, can assist in maintaining the health of your teeth, despite the fact that they contain natural sugars. Eating large amounts of candy and drinking sugary drinks provides bacteria with the sugar they need to survive and therefore contributes to the formation of plaque. Avoiding these foods can aid you in keeping your plaque levels in check.

While you can’t keep your teeth free from plaque 24 hours of the day, good oral hygiene habits can aid you in defending against plaque. Be sure to see your dentist at least once every six months to keep your teeth clean and healthy.

What Is An Abscessed Tooth And How To Deal With It

Abscessed ToothAn abscessed tooth is simply a painful infection that occurs between the gums or at the tooth’s root. It’s commonly caused by severe dental decay, gum disease or gingivitis, and trauma to the tooth, i.e., chipped or broken tooth. These problems may create openings in the enamel of the tooth, causing bacterial infections in the center of a tooth. Sometimes the infection may spread from the tooth’s root to bones that support the tooth. Fortunately, there are so many dental treatments and options available to help deal with this problem.

Causes of an abscessed tooth

An abscessed tooth is most commonly brought about by serious decay within the mouth, but may be caused by various other things such as:

  • Damage or trauma to the tooth
  • Certain disorders of the mouth like Gingivitis
  • Previous fillings wearing down or becoming dislodged

Each tooth has an extremely sensitive pulp at the center. When the enamel of the tooth becomes cracked or chipped, it can’t protect the sensitive pulp, nerves in the tooth, and jaw bone anymore.

Symptoms of an abscessed tooth

An abscessed tooth has a number of symptoms, but the main one is a very painful toothache. It is characterized by continuous pain and can be described as throbbing, sharp, gnawing or shooting.

Other symptoms can include:

  • Breath odor
  • General uneasiness, discomfort or ill feeling
  • Sensitivity of teeth to cold or heat
  • Bitter taste in mouth
  • Pain when chewing
  • Fever
  • Swollen area of lower or upper jaw, which is a quite serious problem
  • Swollen neck glands
  • Swelling of gum above the affected tooth, that may appear like a pimple
  • Self care techniques at home

Avoid anything that can worsen the pain, such as cold air or cold and hot foods. Holding crushed ice or cooled water around the tooth may sometimes relieve the pain. The pain may often get worse when you lie flat, so lie propped up to help relieve the pain.

Medical treatment

The doctor can decide to try therapy using antibiotics or open up the abscess and let the pus drain. This is usually the only way to cure the infection, unless the abscess unravels on its own. Those who have tooth abscess are normally prescribed pain relief medications and, and depending on the doctor’s assessment, antibiotics to treat the infection.

How to prevent tooth abscess

Preventions plays a significant role when it comes to maintaining proper dental health. Brushing and flossing every day, along with frequent dental checkups may prevent both tooth abscess and tooth decay. Anyone who frequently suffers from an abscessed tooth needs to be assessed by a doctor to determine if the condition is caused by an underlying medical problem.

Avoiding the use of tobacco (smoking and chewing) can also help. If tooth decay gets discovered early and is promptly treated, cavities that might develop into abscesses may often be corrected.

Tips For People With Sensitive Teeth

Fixing Sensitive TeethTooth sensitivity affects many people and it’s often triggered by certain types of food and drink. In a healthy mouth, the dentine, the underlying layer that the surrounds a tooth’s nerve, is protected not only by your gums but by the hard enamel of your tooth’s crown. Over time, the enamel of your tooth’s crown can become thinner and thinner, thus providing the dentine with less protection from the elements. Your gums can also recede (move away from your teeth) over time, exposing the sensitive dentine.

The dentine comprises a large number of pores that run from the outside of your tooth to its delicate nerve in the very center. When the dentine loses its protection, these pores become highly sensitive to changes in the acidity, sweetness and temperature of the foods you consume.

The dentine can become exposed for a number of reasons. The natural aging process and improper tooth brushing can result in receding gums and hence, exposure of the dentine. Gum disease, which can cause your gums to recede, and chipped or broken teeth can also cause the dentine to become exposed.

Cleaning your teeth with a harsh toothpaste or heavy hand, brushing more than three times daily and drinking a significant amount of acidic drinks can contribute to the thinning of the tough enamel that protects the dentine. Bulimia and acid reflux can also contribute to sensitivity due to the high levels of damaging acid present in your mouth. Certain types of dental treatments can also cause you to suffer from painful teeth, including professional tooth whitening, fillings, professional dental cleanings and having braces put onto your teeth.

If you’re experiencing dental sensitivity, it’s essential to work with us to uncover its cause. If your sensitivity is caused by exposed dentine, we recommend using a soft bristled toothbrush, brushing correctly to avoid thinning your tooth enamel and using a toothpaste that’s been specifically designed to reduce your dental sensitivity.

Since tooth sensitivity is commonly triggered by certain foods and drinks, we’d recommend that you avoid these triggers where possible. If breathing in cold air makes your teeth feel painful, it’s essential to wrap up warm when venturing outdoors. A diet low in acidic foods may also aid in preventing further sensitivity, as can following a good oral hygiene regime consisting of regular brushing, flossing and rinsing.

Ignoring tooth pain and sensitivity can potentially lead to more severe oral health problems, especially if pain prevents you from brushing your teeth properly each and every day. It’s therefore imperative to let us know about your sensitive teeth so that we can thoroughly examine your teeth and gums and help you to embark on the best course of dental treatment for your individual needs.