Category Archives: Dental Health

What Are The Main Causes Of Bleeding Gums?

causes of bleeding gumsBleeding gums are a common dental problem. Even though this problem is extremely common, it is still a cause for concern. If you have noticed that your gums bleed frequently, then it is time to consult with a dentist. There are a number of things that can cause your gums to bleed. Below are some of the main causes of bleeding gums:

Gum Disease

Gum Disease is very prevalent. In fact, it is estimated that nearly 80 percent of adults will develop gum disease at some point in their lives. Bleeding gums is not the only symptom of gum disease. A receding gum line, loose teeth and deep pockets around the gums and teeth are some of the other symptoms of gum disease.

Gingivitis is the less serious form of gum disease, which is the type that most people have. However, it is estimated that anywhere from five to 15 percent of the population has periodontitis. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss if it is left untreated.

Furthermore, periodontitis does not only have a negative impact on a person’s oral health, but it also has a negative impact on his or her overall health. Studies have shown that people who have gum disease are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Pregnant women with gum disease are more likely to have complications.  The good news is that this disease can successfully be treated if it is detected early.

Improper Brushing or Flossing

In some cases, bleeding gums are a sign that a person is not brushing or flossing correctly. Some people brush their teeth too hard, and that can irritate the gums. People need to be very gentle when they are brushing and flossing. It is important to note that improper brushing and flossing is just as bad as not brushing or flossing at all.


Pregnant women may experience bleeding gums. This occurs as the result of the hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy.   Pregnant women are also at an increased risk for developing cavities, which is why it is very important for women to see a dentist at least twice during their pregnancy.


Again, diabetes is strongly correlated with poor oral health.  Chronic periods of high blood sugar can lead to gum bleeding and infection. This can cause gum disease. Diabetics need to make sure that they follow all of their physician’s recommendations for keeping their blood sugar under control.

Medication Use

There are a number of medications that can cause the gums to bleed. Blood thinners are one type of medication that can weaken the gum tissue and cause bleeding.

Cigarette Use

Smoking can cause the gums to bleed. That is one of the many reasons people should consider quitting.

What Are The Main Causes Of Plaque?

Tooth PlaquePlaque is mixture of bacteria and the chemicals that they produce. These chemicals are known by the name of mucopolysaccharides and they produce an adhesive film called a biofilm that enables bacteria to attach themselves to your teeth. When plaque first develops, this biofilm is fragile and easy to remove. However, if you aren’t successful at removing this biofilm, the bacteria inside of it are able to damage your tooth enamel. Over time, this biofilm becomes hard and creates tartar, which can’t be brushed off. When tartar develops above your gum line, it can cause gum disease.

Keeping your teeth free from plaque isn’t difficult when you learn more about the causes of plaque and brush your teeth twice daily, every day using a toothpaste containing fluoride. The exact technique that you use isn’t as important as ensuring that you brush all of the surfaces of your teeth. However, if you’re concerned that your brushing technique isn’t up to scratch, we will be happy to educate you on such matters.

Brushing your teeth shouldn’t be your only defense against plaque. Brushing often fails to clean out the small spaces between your teeth. However, plaque loves to make itself at home here. Daily flossing will aid you in clearing plaque from in between your teeth. It also removes plaque at the level of your gum line – another area brushing fails to reach. Mouth rinses containing antibacterial agents are also able to reduce plaque and prevent you from suffering from bad breath. If you don’t already use a mouth rinse, consider doing so.

Even when you brush and floss daily, you won’t be able to remove all of the plaque on and around your teeth. Plaque that’s hardened into tartar can’t be removed in the home — it can only be removed by your dentist. If you miss your dental appointments, you’ll be at a greater risk of developing cavities and at worst, losing your teeth altogether. Once yearly teeth cleanings are essential in the fight against plaque. However, if you’re more prone to plaque than most, twice yearly cleanings may be advisable.

Eating healthily can also help to scrub plaque off your teeth. Crunchy vegetables, such as carrots and celery, can assist in maintaining the health of your teeth, despite the fact that they contain natural sugars. Eating large amounts of candy and drinking sugary drinks provides bacteria with the sugar they need to survive and therefore contributes to the formation of plaque. Avoiding these foods can aid you in keeping your plaque levels in check.

While you can’t keep your teeth free from plaque 24 hours of the day, good oral hygiene habits can aid you in defending against plaque. Be sure to see your dentist at least once every six months to keep your teeth clean and healthy.