What Are The Main Causes Of Bleeding Gums?

causes of bleeding gumsBleeding gums are a common dental problem. Even though this problem is extremely common, it is still a cause for concern. If you have noticed that your gums bleed frequently, then it is time to consult with a dentist. There are a number of things that can cause your gums to bleed. Below are some of the main causes of bleeding gums:

Gum Disease

Gum Disease is very prevalent. In fact, it is estimated that nearly 80 percent of adults will develop gum disease at some point in their lives. Bleeding gums is not the only symptom of gum disease. A receding gum line, loose teeth and deep pockets around the gums and teeth are some of the other symptoms of gum disease.

Gingivitis is the less serious form of gum disease, which is the type that most people have. However, it is estimated that anywhere from five to 15 percent of the population has periodontitis. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss if it is left untreated.

Furthermore, periodontitis does not only have a negative impact on a person’s oral health, but it also has a negative impact on his or her overall health. Studies have shown that people who have gum disease are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Pregnant women with gum disease are more likely to have complications.  The good news is that this disease can successfully be treated if it is detected early.

Improper Brushing or Flossing

In some cases, bleeding gums are a sign that a person is not brushing or flossing correctly. Some people brush their teeth too hard, and that can irritate the gums. People need to be very gentle when they are brushing and flossing. It is important to note that improper brushing and flossing is just as bad as not brushing or flossing at all.


Pregnant women may experience bleeding gums. This occurs as the result of the hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy.   Pregnant women are also at an increased risk for developing cavities, which is why it is very important for women to see a dentist at least twice during their pregnancy.


Again, diabetes is strongly correlated with poor oral health.  Chronic periods of high blood sugar can lead to gum bleeding and infection. This can cause gum disease. Diabetics need to make sure that they follow all of their physician’s recommendations for keeping their blood sugar under control.

Medication Use

There are a number of medications that can cause the gums to bleed. Blood thinners are one type of medication that can weaken the gum tissue and cause bleeding.

Cigarette Use

Smoking can cause the gums to bleed. That is one of the many reasons people should consider quitting.

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